DURBAN, South Africa – There’s a swing towards electrification for many forms of transport but Toyota is developing hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles while also bringing Toyota Group electric vehicles to market.
A major project to develop a heavy duty fuel cell truck is a joint venture by Toyota and its wholly-owned, truck subsidiary, Hino. There’s an image further down the feature.
”The two entities,” Toyota told The Corner, ”have positioned hydrogen as an important energy source and have worked together to develop fuel-cell technology for more than 15 years – our first co-operation created a fuel-cell bus way back in 2003.”
Hino and Toyota say they will continue to partner to accelerate the realisation of an environmentally friendly hydrogen society.
The Hino heavy-duty truck on which the development is based is a 700-Series freight carrier equipped with a large-capacity, high-pressure, hydrogen tank capable of covering about 600km on ad city/highway driving cycle.
That, Toyota believes, will make it ideal for long-distance transport operators which require long distances between fuel stops and the ability to refuel quickly. Fuel-cell trucks running on hydrogen can meet such requirements with zero exhaust emissions.
The development truck has two polymer electrolyte fuel-cell stacks developed for the recently unveiled Mirai passenger car. Electricity is stored in lithium ion batteries and drive the rear wheels through a powerful alternating current (AC) electric motor.
A comprehensive weight-reduction programme will ensure sufficient load capacity.
Hino and Toyota told The Corner they are determined to be proactive in developments that will resolve current global environmental issues.
”We’ve have made it an important corporate objective,” the companies assert. ”Hino’s Environmental Challenge 2050, announced in 2017, includes the aim of cutting average carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from new trucks and buses by 90% from 2013 levels.”
INTERNAL RESEARCH DATA
Hino says its internal research has shown that heavy-duty trucks account for more than 60% of CO2 emissions from commercial vehicles operating in its home market, Japan.
”This,” the company says, ”has spurred on the joint venture with Toyota.”